Pococke Richard (1704-1765)

Born in Southampton in 1704 Richard Pococke was an ardent traveler.
Upon competing his studies at Corpus Christi College he was appointed to the precentorship of Lismore Cathedral in 1725 and in 1734 became vicar-general.

In the years 1737-1738 he made a travel to the Middle East. In this journey he visited Palestine and Jerusalem. Returning to England, Pococke published in 1743 vol. I of a book named "A Description of the East".

Vol. II of "Description", consisting of observations on Palestine, Syria, Mesopotamia, Cyprus, Crete, Asia Minor, Greece and parts of Europe, was published in 1745 and attained great celebrity.

The map of Jerusalem, in Pococke’s Vol. II of "Description" was based on Pococke visit at Jerusalem in 1738 and it bears the name of Jefferys, who was an important map engraver in London.

This map was one of the first scientific map of Jerusalem in the aspect of showing the city from a vertical viewpoint, in the manner as we know today, the topography was hachured and it was oriented toward the north. Although, the map is considered as a scientific map, it lacks veracity by not confirming at all to geographic reality. No doubt that Pococke was a scholar who based his map on his own observation, and the design of the map is on accordance with the most advanced scientific fashion of his time. But in the other hand, his visit in Jerusalem was brief, therefore he could not become well acquainted with the city.

Pococke died of apoplexy in September 1765 at Charleville near Tullamore, Ireland, while on a visitation. He was buried in Bishop Montgomery’s tomb at Ardbraccan.